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History of Topiwala National Medical College (TNMC) and Bai Yamunabai Laxman (BYL) Nair Hospital
Topiwala National Medical College (TNMC) based in the wonderful, bustling city of Mumbai, India is one of the leading medical colleges not just in India alone, but globally as well. The college holds a special place in the history of Mumbai as the first hospital made and run by Indians under the British Empire. The other two big hospitals in the city at the time, K.E.M. Hospital and Sir J.J. hospital, were managed by the British. TNMC was opened during the heady days of the Independence movement in 1921 and was appropriately named ‘National Medical College’. It was then taken over by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai and since then the progress of the college has been outstanding.

Through a donation by M.N. Desai Topiwala (hence the name), the college was upgraded in 1946 and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi and Sarojini Naidu. With the infrastructure of the 1800-bedded tertiary care center, Bai Yamunabai Laxman (BYL) Nair Charitable Hospital behind it, TNMC makes an ideal breeding ground for budding medicos of the 21st century. It provides training courses in more than 25 different medical and allied branches, including 9 super specialty courses.

The college, with an annual budget of INR 7 crores, has more than 250 senior teaching staff members who are assisted by 400 resident doctors. Currently TNMC accepts 120 medical students each year through Maharashtra state common entrance test (MH-CET) and All India pre-medical test (PMT).

The college is headed by a Dean and employs a number of medical, paramedical, nursing and support staff. Getting an admission to any of the premier medical institutes is highly competitive with thousands of students trying their luck every year. According to current student preference and rankings, TNMC ranks second in all of Maharashtra state.
The college emblem was adopted in 1956 during the tenure of Dr. L. Monteiro as Dean.

The simple design of the college emblem, which depicts a staff entwined by a winged serpent, is a blend of history, mythology and modernity.

The central staff represents the barber's pole. It symbolizes the role played by barbers as surgeons and practitioners of healing arts in olden times. The pole also stands for splints and bandages that symbolize emergency medical care. The serpent is the mascot of the Greek god of healing, Aesculapius and represents wisdom. The wings are a symbol of the speed of healing and change in methods of healing.

The quote in Sanskrit, at the base of the emblem means 'May we be free from disease through education'.
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